DDoS mitigation implies the procedure for protecting targets from what is called a DDoS or Distributed Denial of Service attack. A DDoS attack is nothing but an attempt to make some online services unavailable by flooding them with too much traffic from multiple sources. These attacks will target many key resources ranging from news websites to banking websites and throws a huge challenge to those who wish to publish or access important data. What will the DDoS mitigation process do? The DDoS mitigation basically takes place through four distinct stages as follows: Detection: Here, it is important to identify the traffic flow deviations which can indicate that a DDoS attack may happen soon. So, your effectiveness to handle DDoS attacks will depend upon your promptness and power to detect an attack at the earliest. So, instant detection is the ultimate objective of this process. Diversion: In this, the traffic must be re-routed from the target, either by completely discarding it or be filtering it. Filtering: During this stage, the traffic gets weeded out typically identifying trends which can successfully differentiate between what is legitimate traffic and malicious traffic. How responsive you are depends on your ability to prevent an attack without compromising or intervening in user experience in any way. Analysis: Here, the security logs will be regularly reviewed in order to collect data regarding the attack. This will not only help to point out the offenders but also improve the service’s resilience for the future. How can you find a DDoS mitigation service provider? Besides the method of traffic diversion, there are several other key aspects you must consider when choosing a mitigation provider. These include: Network capacity is an excellent way to benchmark any DDoS mitigation service provider. This is generally measured in terabits per second (Tbps) or Gigabits per second (Gbps). This is an indication of the degree of overall scalability which you can get in case of a DDoS attack. So, a 1Tbps network is capable of blocking almost the exact volume of attacking traffic minus bandwidth needed for carrying out the regular functions. Most of the cloud mitigation service providers can offer multi-Tbps capacity. The processing capabilities of a mitigation service are represented by forwarding rates which are measured as millions per packet per second or Mpps. Most of the DDoS attacks can exceed 50 Mpps; so, an attack which exceeds your provider’s defence power can actually lead to its collapse. This is why it is necessary to find out about the limitations upfront. The time which is taken up for mitigation when an attack has been detected is very crucial when choosing a DDoS mitigation provider. This is because such attacks are capable of taking down targets within record time and recovery may take many hours. So, the negative effects of such downtimes can be very damaging for your business. It is therefore imperative to choose a service which can guarantee near-instant mitigation and preemptive detection. However, not all the always-on solutions can guarantee a high response level; this explains why it may be a good idea to inquire about time to mitigation when you question a DDoS mitigation provider. The costs of hiring a DDoS mitigation provider may vary from a flat monthly fee to a utility pricing model where you pay as you use. The second type is dependent upon the number of hours of attack. As DDoS attacks may even last for many days, these costs can escalate. So, it is perhaps better to choose a scheme with a flat monthly fee when it is a long-term agreement. You must also check the provider’s SLA to know about uptime guarantee, protection levels and support service levels.